About Vancouver, British Columbia

With a population of about 2.1 million people, the Vancouver metropolitan area is the third largest city in Canada. Vancouver is located in the southwestern part of the province of British Columbia. It is on a well protected inlet harbor of the Pacific Ocean.

About Vancouver, British Columbia

Vancouver Information

City code VAN
Country Canada
State British Columbia
Population 2.1 Million
Pop. density 5,300 / km2
Land area 2,879 km2
Elevation 2 m
Currency Dollar (CAD)
Annual GDP US$ 79 Bn
Languages English
Latitude 49.15° N
Longitude 123.6° W

Vancouver was named after a British explorer, George Vancouver who visited the city in 1792. Vancouver was incorporated about 100 years later in 1886.

The city grew in part due to investment and activity by the Canadian Pacific Railway. Trade in natural resources, such as forestry, mining, fishing, and agriculture, prospered. Later, the city developed strong seaport operations and began trading goods around the world.

Nowadays, the city has a diverse economy. Tourism has become the second largest sector in the economy. Technology companies have also become well established in the region. And Vancouver is now the 3rd largest center of film production in North America, after Los Angeles and New York City.

Vancouver is located on the Burrard Peninsula and is largely surrounded by water. The Fraser River lies to the south. The Strait of Georgia lies to the west and connects to the Pacific Ocean. Further to the west is the island of Vancouver Island where the capital, Victoria, is located.

Vancouver has a relatively temperate and pleasant climate, especially for a country as cold as Canada. Average summer daily high temperatures are normally about 70 °F. Winter daily high temperatures are normally in the mid 40's °F. The city receives about 47 inches of precipitation per year.

Vancouver is well known for being one of the most livable cities in the world. It is very scenic, has clean air and water, and many other favorable qualities.

Demographically, Vancouver is an extremely diverse and cosmopolitan city. For many reasons, people settle in Vancouver from all over the world, particularly from Asia. Over 50% of residents have a first language other than English. Chinese, many from Hong Kong, make up about 30% of the population. Immigrants from south Asia, southeast Asia, Japan, the Philippines, and other countries also make up sizable groups.

Despite the diversity, English remains the most widely spoken language with Chinese, Mandarin, and many other languages also spoken among various ethnic groups.

Vancouver is served by Vancouver International Airport (YVR).

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